page_banner

Ukwelashwa Kwamanzi Angcolile Kwamanzi: Isixazululo Esinengqondo

Ukwelashwa kwamanzi angcolile okwenziwe endaweni eyodwa kuqukethe izindlela ezahlukahlukene zokuqoqwa, ukwelashwa, nokusakazwa / ukusetshenziswa kabusha kwamanzi angcolile ezindlini ezihlala abantu, izindawo zezimboni noma zezikhungo, amaqoqo emizi noma amabhizinisi, kanye nemiphakathi yonke. Ukuhlolwa kwezimo eziqondene nesayithi kuyenziwa ukuthola uhlobo olufanele lwezinqubo zokwelashwa endaweni ngayinye. Lezi zinhlelo ziyingxenye yengqalasizinda unomphela futhi zingaphathwa njengezikhungo ezizimele noma zihlanganiswe nezinhlelo zokwelashwa kwendle okuphakathi. Banikela ngezinhlobo eziningi zezindlela zokwelashwa kusuka ekwelashweni okulula, kokungenzi lutho ngokusatshalaliswa kwenhlabathi, okuvame ukubizwa ngokuthi amasistimu we-septic noma we-onsite, kuzindlela eziyinkimbinkimbi nezomshini ezinjengamayunithi okwelashwa athuthukile aqoqa futhi alaphe imfucuza evela ezakhiweni eziningi futhi ithululele emanzini angaphezulu noma inhlabathi. Ngokuvamile zifakwa endaweni eseduze nalapho kufakwa khona amanzi angcolile. Amasistimu athululela phezulu (amanzi noma indawo yenhlabathi) adinga imvume yeNational Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES).

Lezi zinhlelo zinga:

• Khonza ezikalini ezahlukahlukene kubandakanya indawo yokuhlala yomuntu ngamunye, amabhizinisi, noma imiphakathi emincane;

• Phatha amanzi angcolile emazingeni okuvikela impilo yomphakathi nekhwalithi yamanzi;

• Ukuhambisana namakhodi wokulawula kamasipala nawombuso; futhi

• Ukusebenza kahle ezindaweni zasemakhaya, zasedolobheni nezasemadolobheni.

KUNGANI UKWELASHWA KOKWELASHWA KWEZIMANZI?

Ukwelashwa kwamanzi angcolile kungasetshenziswa ngendlela ehlakaniphile emiphakathini ecubungula izinhlelo ezintsha noma ukuguqula, ukufaka esikhundleni, noma ukunweba izinhlelo ezikhona zokulashwa kwamanzi angcolile. Emiphakathini eminingi, ukwelashwa okwabiwa emiphakathini kungaba:

• Konga izindleko futhi konga imali

• Ukugwema izindleko ezinkulu zemali

• Ukunciphisa izindleko zokusebenza nokunakekelwa

• Ukukhuthaza amathuba amabhizinisi nemisebenzi

• Luhlaza futhi luyasimama

• Ukuzuza ikhwalithi yamanzi nokutholakala

• Ukusebenzisa amandla nomhlaba ngokuhlakanipha

• Ukuphendula ukukhula ngenkathi kugcinwa indawo eluhlaza

• Kuphephile ekuvikeleni imvelo, impilo yomphakathi, kanye nekhwalithi yamanzi

• Ukuvikela impilo yomphakathi

• Ukunciphisa ukungcola okuvamile, izakhi zomzimba, kanye nokungcola okuvelayo

• Ukunciphisa ukungcola kanye nezingozi zezempilo ezihambisana namanzi angcolile

UMUGQA WOKUPHAKATHI

Ukwelashwa kwamanzi angcolile kungaba yisixazululo esinengqondo emiphakathini yanoma iluphi usayizi kanye nenani labantu. Njenganoma yiluphi olunye uhlelo, amasistimu asezingeni eliphansi kufanele aklanywe kahle, agcinwe futhi asebenze ukuze ahlinzeke ngezinzuzo ezinkulu. Lapho bezimisele khona ukulingana kahle, amasistimu abelwe phansi asiza imiphakathi ukuthi ifinyelele ezingeni eliphindwe kathathu lokusimama: ilungele imvelo, ilungele umnotho, futhi ilungele abantu.

LAPHO Kusetshenzelwa khona

ILoudoun County, VA

ILoudoun Water, eLoudoun County, eVirginia (eWashington, DC, emaphethelweni edolobha), yamukele indlela edidiyelwe yokuphathwa kwamanzi angcolile okubandakanya umthamo othengiwe esitshalweni esiphakathi nendawo, isikhungo sokuvuselela amanzi esathelayithi, kanye nezinhlelo ezimbalwa ezincanyana zomphakathi. Le ndlela ivumele i-county ukuthi igcine isimilo sayo sasemakhaya futhi yakha uhlelo lapho ukukhula kukhokhela ukukhula. Abathuthukisi baklama futhi bakhe izikhungo zamanzi angcolile ezihlangana namazinga e-Loudoun Water ngezindleko zabo bese bedlulisela ubunikazi bohlelo eLoudoun Water ukuze iqhubeke nokugcinwa. Lolu hlelo luzisekela ngokwezezimali ngama-rates ahlanganisa izindleko. Ngeminye imininingwane:http://www.loudounwater.org/

I-Rutherford County, TN

IConsolidated Utility District (CUD) yaseRutherford County, eTennessee, ihlinzeka ngezinsizakalo zokuhambisa indle kumakhasimende ayo amaningi angaphandle ngohlelo olusha. Uhlelo olusetshenziswayo luvame ukubizwa ngohlelo lwe-septic tank effluent pumping (STEP) oluqukethe cishe amasistimu wamanzi angcolile angama-50, wonke aqukethe isistimu ye-STEP, isihlungi sesanti esiphindayo, kanye nohlelo olukhulu lokusabalalisa imfucuza. Zonke izinhlelo ziphethwe futhi ziphethwe yiRutherford County CUD. Uhlelo luvumela ukukhula okuphezulu kwabantu (iziqeshana) ezindaweni zesifunda lapho indle yedolobha ingatholakali noma izinhlobo zenhlabathi zingalungeli ethangini elijwayelekile leseptic nasekukhipheni imigqa yensimu. Leli thangi lamanzi elisebenzisa i-septic tank linamalitha ayi-1,500 lifakwe iphaneli nokulawulwa kwephaneli elisendaweni ngayinye yokuhlala lapho kukhishwa khona amanzi angcolile kuhlelo lokuqoqa amanzi angcolile olumaphakathi. Ngeminye imininingwane: http://www.cudrc.com/Departments/Waste-Water.aspx


Isikhathi Iposi: Apr-01-2021